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2020年湖南成考高起点英语模拟试题及答案六

发布时间:2020-01-13 整编:湖南成人高考网 阅读量:

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2020年湖南成考高起点英语模拟试题及答案六分割线
【导读】英语是我们参加成人高考的一门必考的科目,有很多想要报名参加成人高考,但是之前英语基础不好的小伙伴都因为担心英语这门科目成为自己通过成考的绊脚石。英语作为一门语言类的科目需要一点一滴的积累,确实很难在短时间内快速提高,因此在初中高中阶段英语不好的小伙伴会有所顾虑。为了更有效的帮助到考生熟悉题型,湖南成考网整理了2020年湖南成考高起点英语模拟试题及答案六,希望能够帮助到各位。
 
Ⅲ. Cloze (20 points)
 
Directions:
 
For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices given below and marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
 
The death of a child, _51_ one’s own child, is something the mind can hardly comprehend. It seems to go _52_ nature. The end of a life that is still forming _53_ has just begun is an almost unthinkable cruelty.
 
But it happens. Parents sometimes must witness the illness and death of the children _54_ whom they gave birth. And _55_ will ever fill the empty place that the dead child leaves behind. Parents _56_ to die before their children, which is the natural order of life events. When the situation is reversed and a child dies _57_ the parents it seems wrong.
 
Yet we never know why one person dies and another lives. But we do know _58_ a child is gone, the parents still have a future, as grey and worthless as it may at first seem. Death may take the child, but the love never _59_.
 
The sorrow after a child’s death is one of the longest and hardest type of _60_ to live with. And it takes long to deal with the parents’ own emotions.
 
51.A. especially B. special C. especial D. most
 
52.A. with B. against C. beyond D. above
 
53.A. and B. or C. but D. so
 
54.A. at B. with C. to D. for
 
55.A. everything B. other thing C. something D. nothing
 
56.A. think B. expect C. like D. surely
 
57.A. before B. after C. in front of D. as
 
58.A. as if B. as though C. even if D. that
 
59.A. gives up B. goes away C. goes back D. goes through
 
60.A. loss B. losses C. losing D. lost
 
Ⅳ. Reading Comprehension (60 points)
 
Directions:
 
There are four reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by five questions. For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose one best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
 
Passage One
 
In the old days, divers used to go down into the sea looking for ships that had sunk, because they hoped to find gold and jewels. Now divers still search for valuable things in sunken ships, but they also try to bring to the surface the ships themselves, or parts of them. The value of different kinds of metals has increased greatly over the last twenty or thirty years and even though a ship has been under the sea for many years, it may be worth a great deal.
 
One famous sunken ship is the “Lusitania”, which sank off the southern coast of Ireland in 1915 with a loss of nearly, 1,500 lives. It has four huge propellers made of an expensive metal. Today each of those propellers is worth $ 300,000 or more. The ship lying on the sea-bed has been brought by a man called John Light. He paid about $ 1,200,000 for the whole ship. He hopes to bring up those propellers and sell them. He also hopes to sell other parts of the ship, when he has brought them to the surface, for about $ 600,000.
 
61. Divers today try to bring to the surface _______.
 
A. gold and jewels B. parts of ships
 
C. whole ships D. all of the above
 
62. Diver try to bring up metals because ________.
 
they have been in the sea for a long time
 
gold and jewels are not valuable things
 
some kinds of metals are worth a lot of money
 
it is easy to bring up metals
 
63. The word “surface” in the passage means the ______.
 
A. market B. air C. top of a liquid D. sea
 
64. John Light hopes that he may be able to sell all the parts of the “Lusitania” for about _____.
 
A. $12,000 B. $300,000 C. $1,200,000 D. $1,800,000
 
65. John Light bought the “Lusitania” _______.
 
A. before 1915 B. before it sank
 
C. after it sank D. after they had brought up the propellers
 
Passage Two
 
Man’s first real invention, and one of the most important inventions in history, was the wheel. All transportation and every machine in the world depend on it. The wheel is the simplest yet perhaps the most remarkable of all inventions, because there are no wheels in nature—no living thing was ever created with wheels. How, then, did man come to invent the wheel? Perhaps some early hunters found that they could roll the carcass of a heavy animal through the forest on logs more easily than they could carry it. However, the logs themselves weighed a lot.
 
It must have taken a great prehistoric thinker to imagine two thin slices of log connected, at their centers by a string stick. This would roll along just as the logs did, yet be much lighter and easier to handle. Thus the wheel and axle came into being and with them the first carts.
 
66. The wheel is important because _______.
 
A. it was man’s first real invention B. all transportation depends on it
 
C. every machine depends on it D. both B and C
 
67. The wheel is called _______.
 
A. simple B. complicated C. strange D. unusual
 
68. It was remarkable of man to invent the wheel because _______.
 
A. it led to many other inventions B. man had no use for it then
 
C. there were no wheels in nature D. all of the above
 
69. The wheel was probably invented by ______.
 
A. a group of early hunters B. the first men on earth
 
C. a great prehistoric thinker D. the man who made the first cart
 
70. This selection says that the first wheel may have been a ______.
 
A. round piece of stone B. heavy log C. piece of metal D. slice of log
 
Passage Three
 
Eating in space is different from eating on earth. The food that astronauts carry with them does not look like the food you eat. Some food is carried in closed bags. It is cooked and frozen before the astronauts get it. All the water is removed from the food. In the spaceship the astronaut puts the water back. He “shoots” hot or cold water into the food bag with a special gun. He eats the food through a small hole in the bag.
 
Other foods come in bite sizes. The astronaut puts a whole piece in his mouth at once. There an be no crambs. Crambs would float around the spaceship and get in the way. Meat and cake often come in bite-sized pieces. Astronauts can’t drink water from open cups. The water would float in drops in the air. The water is put in the special gun. The astronaut shoots the water into his mouth. Eating in space is not easy. Astronauts must learn to eat this way.
 
71. Some space foods are carried in _______.
 
A. water guns B. lunch boxes C. closed bags D. crumbs
 
72. The story does not say this, but from what we have read, we can tell that ______.
 
you get much hungrier in space than you do
 
you can’t have water to drink in a spaceship
 
astronauts must learn many new and different things
 
you can’t eat anything in a spaceship
 
73. Why can’t astronauts drink water from cups?
 
The water would come from the open cups.
 
The water would spill all over their food.
 
Crambs would float in the cups.
 
The cups would float in the air.
 
74. The main idea of the whole story is that _______.
 
there is more food and water in space than on earth
 
eating and drinking in space is a special problem
 
astronauts can never eat or drink in a spaceship
 
there is no food or water in a spaceship
 
75. Which of the following does the story lead you to believe?
 
Food for astronauts must be made in a special way.
 
All meat on earth comes in bite-sized pieces.
 
Astronauts will only eat cakes made from crambs.
 
Astronauts have to go hungry in a spaceship.
 
Passage Four
 
The energy which the sun radiates goes in every direction, and only a minute part of it falls on the earth. Even so, it represents power of about 5,000,000 horsepower (马力) per square mile per day; the sun gives us as much energy every miunte as mankind utilizes in a year. At present, we use this energy indirectly, and it is our final source of power. Coal represents the chemical action of the sun on green plants thousands of years ago. Water power results from the rain formed by vapor which comes from the evaporation of water under the sunshine. Even windmills operate because of air currents set in motion by the different heating affects of the sun in different places. Some day, through chemistry or some type of solar engine, we shall harness this great source of energy more directly. Already a scientist has worked out an engine, surprisingly efficient, in which the sun’s rays are concentrated through mirrors on a tube of water to create steam.
 
76. How much energy given off by the sun reaches the earth?
 
A. 100% but indirectly. B. 5%.
 
C. 50%. D. only a very tiny amount.
 
77. The reason why all the solar energy falling on the earth can’t be utilized is that ______.
 
only a very small part is available the sun is too distant from the earth
 
it takes thousands of years for this energy to be stored up in coal and oil
 
our scientific knowledge is not sufficient
 
78. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
 
Even windmill’s action depends on the sun.
 
The sun produces enormous energy for man to make use of.
 
Some day man will be able to utilize 100% of the solar energy that gets to the earth.
 
The sun produces different heating effects in different places.
 
79. In order to support this argument, the writer gives the example that _______.
 
a machine using solar energy efficiently has already been developed
 
the sun is our final source of power
 
man uses only a tiny part of the sun’s energy
 
the part of the sun’s energy we use is used indirectly
 
80. This passage centers mainly on ________.
 
harnessing energy through chemistry
 
our last source of power
 
how water power is produced
 
the amount of solar energy that can be utilized
 
Ⅴ. Writing (20 points)
 
Directions:
 
For this part, you are allowed 20 minutes to write a letter of about 80 words according to the following topic.
 
男女应该平等吗?(Should Men and Women Be Equal?)
 
参考答案
 
Ⅰ. Phonetics
 
1.A 2.C 3.B 4.A 5.B
 
6.A 7.A 8.B 9.B 10.C
 
Ⅱ. Vocabulary and Structure
 
11.C 12.D 13.B 14.D 15.C
 
16.D 17.D 18.A 19.C 20.C
 
21.D 22.D 23.C 24.D 25.A
 
26.C 27.C 28.A 29.D 30.B
 
31.D 32.B 33.D 34.C 35.B
 
36.C 37.B 38.B 39.B 40.A
 
41.A 42.B 43.C 44.A 45.D
 
46.D 47.D 48.D 49.C 50.A
 
Ⅲ. Cloze
 
51.A 52.B 53.B 54.C 55.D
 
56.B 57.A 58.C 59.B 60.A
 
Ⅳ. Reading Comprehension
 
61.D 62.C 63.C 64.D 65.C
 
66.D 67.A 68.C 69.C 70.D
 
71.C 72.C 73.A 74.B 75.A
 
76.D 77.D 78.C 79.A 80.D
 
Ⅴ. Writing
 
Should Men and Women Be Equal?
 
People have different ideas about this issue, Some people say that men are superior to women in ability because men are physically stronger, do most of the hard labor in the world and hold most important positions. Other people believe that women have the ability to compete with men. There have been many famous women state leaders and great scientists in the world. We should fully carry out the principle “to each according to his work” so that the enthusiasm of both men and women for work can be fully aroused.

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